The kiss which pious Muslim pilgrims bestow on the Black Stone is a survival of an old pagan practice, which was a form of worship in Arabia. Built into the Eastern corner of the Ka’ba, the Black Stone, which had been an object of worship for many centuries before Muhammad, became the central shrine object of Islam. While Muslims touch and kiss the Black Stone during Hajj, non-Muslims are strictly forbidden to go anywhere near it.

A well-known feature of Islam is that most of its rites and practices were adopted from the pagan Arabian rituals of Muhammad’s time. Before the advent of Islam, the Ka’ba has been an important pagan shrine in Mecca. Today the Ka’ba is the center of the Islamic world and every Muslim’s prayer is directed towards it. Moreover, most of the religious traditions in Islam in connection with the Hajj are also pagan in origin. In order to separate Islam from paganism and make it appear as a pure monotheistic faith, the stories connecting the Ka’ba to ancient Jewish chronicles were deceptively created.

During the early stages of his prophetic career in Mecca, Muhammad and his followers prayed towards Jerusalem. Even after their migration (hijra) to Medina, Muslims continued with this practice for about sixteen to seventeen months. Islamic sources such as the Qur’an, Sira and Tafsir, speak of the change of Qiblah (Kiblah), from the former Qiblah (Jerusalem) to the new Qiblah (Mecca). Thus, Islam’s Qiblah was originally towards Jerusalem. It is only when Muhammad desired to pray towards the Ka’ba in Mecca that Allah, as usual, obliged and revealed the following Qur’anic verse:

Surah (Al-Baqarah) 2:144: “We see the turning of thy face for guidance to the heavens: now shall We turn thee to a Qibla that shall please thee. Turn then Thy face in the direction of the sacred Mosque: Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction.” (Yusuf Ali)

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 2, Number 39:

Narrated By Al-Bara’ (bin ‘Azib): When the Prophet came to Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished that he could pray facing the Ka’ba (at Mecca). The first prayer which he offered facing the Ka’ba was the ‘Asr prayer in the company of some people. Then one of those who had offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers (facing Jerusalem). He said addressing them, “By Allah, I testify that I have prayed with Allah’s Apostle facing Mecca (Ka’ba).” Hearing that, those people changed their direction towards the Ka’ba immediately. Jews and the people of the scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards the Ka’ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.

Al-Bara’ added, “Before we changed our direction towards the Ka’ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).'” (2:143).

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 8, Number 392:

Narrated Bara’ bin ‘Azib: Allah’s Apostle prayed facing Baitul-Maqdis for sixteen or seventeen months but he loved to face the Ka’ba (at Mecca) so Allah revealed: “Verily, We have seen the turning of your face to the heaven!” (Surah 2 Al-Baqarah 144) So the Prophet faced the Ka’ba and the fools amongst the people namely “the Jews” said, “What has turned them from their Qibla (Bait-ul-Maqdis) which they formerly observed” (Allah revealed): “Say: ‘To Allah belongs the East and the West. He guides whom he will to a straight path’.” (Surah 2 Al-Baqarah 142).

Why did Muhammad express a desire to pray facing the Ka’ba while it remained a pagan shrine? At the time when Surah 2:144 was revealed to change the Qiblah from Jerusalem to Mecca, the Ka’ba was still a pagan shrine housing 360 pagan idols. Why would Allah permit his Prophet to bow towards the Ka’ba while it was still polluted with 360 pagan idols? The command given in the Qur’an to change the Qiblah predates by years the conquest of Mecca. Those idols were destroyed only after the conquest of Mecca. Thus, during all those intervening years, between the time the Qiblah was changed towards the Ka’ba and the conquest of Mecca, whenever Muhammad faced the Ka’ba to pray, the Ka’ba remained a shrine of idol-worship.

This is not an insignificant matter in terms of worship. Why was Muhammad not commanded to wait until the removal of those idols? Why did Allah submit to Muhammad’s desire and as a result make it a requirement for the early Muslims to bow towards the direction of the pagan idols, whenever they approach him in prayer during all those intervening years? Did not Allah say, “To Allah belongs the East and the West”? Why, then must the prayers of the Muslims be directed towards the pagan shrine in order to reach the ears of Allah? Notice the commanding tone of Allah in Surah 2:144:

“Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction.”

The following Hadith clearly shows that the idols were destroyed only after the conquest of Mecca which took place several years later after the Qiblah was changed towards the Ka’ba.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 583:

Narrated By Abdullah: When the Prophet entered Mecca on the day of the Conquest, there were 360 idols around the Ka’ba.

Now we will consider another serious problem in Islam.

Surah 2:125: “And when We made the House (at Mecca) a resort for mankind and sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My house for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).” (Pickthall)

According to Islam, Allah is said to have built the Ka’ba centuries before the time of Judaism and Christianity. It was supposedly restructured later by Abraham and Ishmael. The Ka’ba also known as “Baitullah” means “House of Allah.” Now, how did the “House of Allah” which was “made by Allah” and where “Abraham stood to pray,” become a pagan temple housing 360 pagan idols? How can a House of God become a pagan Temple of Idols? Why did Allah allow this to occur to his place of worship? If the Ka’ba was the original “House of Allah” as the Qur’an asserts, then there is absolutely no logical or theological reason as to why Muhammad directed the first Qiblah towards Jerusalem – unless he believed that it was holier than the Ka’ba.

Muhammad destroyed the rest of the idols at the conquest of Mecca but left the preeminent idol of the Ka’ba – the Black Stone – untouched. Why? It was simply due to deep-rooted subconsciousness brought on by years of submission to stone worship. He not only had to leave the Black Stone unharmed to represent Islam but he also kissed it to show his affection for the pagan stone. The Black Stone that was sacred to the pagans became sacred to the Muslims and is now revered by them. The kiss that the pious Muslim pilgrims bestow on the Black Stone is a survival of the old pagan practice, which was a form of stone worship in Arabia. While Christians can clearly see this as absolute idolatry, Islam is blind to this abomination.

Even the Egyptian writer, Muhammad Husayn Haykal, who relies heavily on the works of Ibn Hisham, admitted in his book, The Life of Muhammad (p. 30):

“In fact, the Arabs venerated these stones so much that not only did they worship the black stone in the Ka’bah, but also they would take one of the stones of the Ka’bah as a holy object in their travels, praying to it and asking it to bless every move they made.”

Muhammad began and ended up with a pagan religion with the only difference being that he repackaged it in a monotheistic framework. The fact that many of the rituals performed in the name of Allah are connected to pagan worship shows that Islam was conceived in idolatry. Such practices are consistent with pre-Islamic pagan rituals involving the Ka’ba. The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob would never send a Black Stone for his followers to kiss. If God abhors even the bowing of his worshippers towards the living sun that was created by him, do you think he will command his worshippers to bow towards a dead Black Stone? Deuteronomy 4:19 clearly states:

“You must not raise your eyes to the heavens and indeed see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the army of the heavens, and actually get seduced and bow down to them.”

Though Muslims deny that the Black Stone is an idol and insist that their prayers are directed to Allah alone, in practice however, the Black Stone is treated with the same reverence that pagans show to their idols. Islam’s denial of its idolatrous worship of the Black Stone can be likened to a man who pleads innocence for his adulterous act by saying that he had only his wife on his mind while performing the illicit sexual act. The justification for the veneration of a dead stone – especially to the extent of bowing down and kissing it – can only be identified with a primitive pagan idolatry practice than with the true spirit of monotheistic worship.

All Muslims are required to bow towards the Ka’ba everyday, whenever they pray. They are not supposed to face any other object or direction. Even if some Muslims were to claim that they can still pray without facing the Ka’ba, they must accept the fact that by doing so they are violating the commandment of Allah which clearly states in Surah 2:144:

“Turn then Thy face in the direction of the sacred Mosque: Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction.”

Thus, according to the teachings of the Qur’an, Muslims cannot pray to Allah without facing the Ka’ba. When a Muslim makes the Hajj, or runs between the hills, or bestows a kiss on the black stone, he is performing the rituals of the pagans – rituals that are deeply rooted in pagan superstitions. Yet, these pagan practices were sanctioned by Muhammad and incorporated into Islam. Thus, the poison remains the same, only the labels are craftily changed by Allah and Muhammad. Accordingly, paganism became an integral part of Islam. Consider now the following additional evidence:

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 23:

Narrated By ‘Asim bin Sulaiman: I asked Anas bin Malik about Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Mecca). Anas replied, “We used to consider (i.e. going around) them a custom of the Pre-Islamic period of Ignorance, so when Islam came, we gave up going around them. Then Allah revealed, ‘Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Mecca) are among the Symbols of Allah. So it is not harmful of those who perform the Hajj of the House (of Allah) or perform the Umra to ambulate (Tawaf) between them.’” (Surah 2:158) [End of Quote]

Surah 2:158: “Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on pilgrimage to the House (of Allah) or visiteth it, to go around them (as the pagan custom is).” (Pickthall)

How can the very same two mountains that were sacred to the pagans become the “Symbols of Allah” all of a sudden? Moreover, how is it that the very same pagan ritual of running between the two hills is also retained in Islam? In addition, why was the Arab pagan ritual of going around the Ka’ba seven times, also retained in Islam?

In the Hindu marriage rite of Saptapadi, the married couple circumnavigate the fire seven times. In the Islamic ritual of Tawaf, Muslims also circumnavigate the Ka’ba seven times. In both of these rituals, religious phrases are repeated during the circumambulation. Some of the rituals that Muslims follow during the Hajj are the same as the rites observed by Hindus in their worship of Shiva. Take note of some of the striking similarities:

(1) Both Hindu and Muslim male devotees are required to shave their heads during their pilgrimage.

(2) And similar to their Hindu counterparts, male Muslim pilgrims are also required to dress in a garment consisting of two sheets of white cloth. This type of garment is known as Dhoti in Hinduism.

(3) Just as the worshippers of Shiva observe a rite in which they walk around their object of reverence seven times, Muslim pilgrims also walk around the Ka’ba seven times.

(4) Both their objects of reverence are Black Stones. In Hinduism, the Black Stone is known as Shiva lingam.

(5) While Hindus drink water from the Ganga River as part of the sacred rites in their worship of Shiva, Muslims drink from the Well of Zamzam during the Hajj.

(6) Additionally, the Crescent moon, which is associated with the Hindu deity Shiva, is also a symbol for Islam. In the Hindu portrayal of the Shiva symbol, the crescent moon is always painted across his forehead. Moreover, in every portrayal of Shiva, there is always a depiction of a snake curled around his neck. Weirdly, in pre-Islamic times, Allah is supposed to have sent a snake to guard the treasures of the Ka’ba.

It may surprise Muslims to know that Umar, the 2nd Caliph of Islam, had reservations about kissing the pagan Black Stone.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 26, Number 675:

Narrated by Zaid bin Aslam: From his father who said: “Umar bin Al-Khattab addressed the Corner (Black Stone) saying, ‘By Allah! I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit nor harm. Had I not seen the Prophet touching (and kissing) you, I would never have touched (and kissed) you.’ Then he kissed it.”

This is a very revealing statement coming from one who used to be a pagan. Umar’s conversion to monotheism was so absolute that he was able to make the above observation while his Prophet was actually venerating a pagan idol. The reason behind Umar’s reluctance in kissing the Black Stone is that the pagan Arabs also performed this same ritual. However, Umar venerated his Prophet and this eventually led him to venerate the pagan idol. Ultimately, he ended up venerating the Black Stone, Muhammad and Allah.

Sheikh Sha’rawi, one of Egypt’s renowned scholars declared in Legal Opinions, pt. 3, p. 167:

“The kissing of the meteorite is a firm practice in Islamic law because Muhammad did it. You must not ask about the wisdom behind that because this rite is (an expression) of worship in spite of the obscurity of its wisdom.”

Islam’s single most important reason for kissing the Black Stone is that, “Muhammad did it.”

Ibn `Umar said: “Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) faced the Black Stone, touched it, and then placed his lips on it and wept for a long time.” Likewise, `Umar also wept for a long time. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: ‘O `Umar, this is the place where one should shed tears.”’ (Reported by Al-Hakim who considers it a sound Hadith with a sound chain of authorities) Source: IslamOnline.

Muhammad touched and kissed the Black Stone. He “placed his lips on it and wept for a long time.” If this is not idolatry, then what is it? In view of his pagan past, Muhammad needed something tangible that connects him to Allah. Thus, he submitted to idolatry. That is why he also stated that the Black Stone “is the place where one should shed tears.” And Umar gave in to blind allegiance. What Muslims failed to take into consideration is that kissing and caressing stone objects were an integral part of the worship that the Arab pagans rendered to their idols.

Like Umar, many Muslims blindly follow Muhammad in their veneration of this pagan idol. Historically, Muslims cannot deny the fact that the Black Stone was one among the many stones and idols venerated at the Ka’ba by the pre-Islamic pagans. The Black Stone was kissed during pre-Islamic pagan worship and it is this same stone that Muslims are kissing today when they visit Mecca. Muslims are kissing a stone that was previously used in idolatry. Muslims have no reasons to justify this act of idolatry other than it was done by Muhammad. What divine knowledge or spiritual experience can come from venerating an inanimate object which admittedly is a simple meteorite?

Muslims even go so far as to believe that touching or kissing the Black Stone has a profound impact on them and it is supposed to count in their favor on the Islamic Judgment Day. Stoning Satan is also part of the hajj practice. In this ritual, a Muslim gathers seven pebbles and throws them at a stone pillar that signifies his defiance of the devil’s influence. One cannot help but be amazed at this act of great stupidity. Imagine, Muslims consider one stone as holy while stoning another stone as a representation of the devil.

The first biography of Muhammad was written by Ibn Ishaq (704 C.E. – 767 C.E.). This biography is called Sirat Rasul Allah (The Biography of Muhammad). In p. 99, we find an interesting account of an event that took place during the pre-Islamic period:

“The Coreish were once gathered together during their Eid beside one of their idols, slaying sacrifices, praying and making circuits around it, as they used to do at this festival every year. Just then four friends stood apart, and spoke secretly to one another in righteous terms. These were Waraca, Obeidallah grandson of Abdul Mutalib. Othman and Zeid ibn Amr. They said: – ‘By the Lord! Our people have nothing left of the faith of Abraham. What is this stone that we should encircle it? It can neither hear nor speak, neither hurt nor help. O our people! Look out for your souls, for by the Lord you are altogether wanting.’ Then they separated, and departed into various lands to find out the true faith of Abraham.

Waraca embraced the Christian religion, and studying the books of its people, became fixed in their faith….Obeidallah….emigrated to Abyssinia along with his wife Omm Habibah….There, however, he afterwards became a Christian…. Now as to Othman, he repaired to the court of the Emperor of Byzantium, where he obtained a high rank and embraced the Christian faith.” (Siratu’l Rasool vss. 143-144 p. 99)

Out of the four friends in above the narration, three of them eventually became Christians. They were Waraca, Obeidallah and Othman. The only exception was Zeid ibn Amr. These seekers of truth knew that the practices of the Quraysh, which Islam later incorporated in its theology, do not belong to the faith of Abraham. They knew it was sheer idolatry.

One of the warnings of Jehovah that they would have most likely come across in their study of the Bible is the text in Leviticus 26:1. This text has a direct bearing on the subject at hand. Centuries before the arrival of Muhammad, Jehovah God warned the Israelites to avoid an entrapment of Satan – an entrapment that Islam, centuries later, failed to escape.

Leviticus 26:1: “Do not make for yourselves worthless idols. You must not erect for yourselves a carved statue or a sacred pillar and you must not put a stone as a sacred showpiece in your land to bow down toward it. I am Jehovah your God.”

Can any warning be clearer than this? It is commonly taught that Judaism, Christianity and Islam are the three monotheistic world religions, and many a time it is implied that all the adherents of these three religions pray to the same God. Nothing could be further from the truth than this. Islam is heathenism in monotheistic form. There is no place for any form of idolatry, whatsoever, in Christianity.

1 John 5:21: “Guard yourselves from idols.”

This gives us a legitimate reason to reject Islam.



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