Muslims boldly claim that the Qur’an is the inspired Word of God. For this claim to be true, every inspired utterances of Allah in the Qur’an must be absolutely true. In this article, we will bring to light the failings of the Allah in the Qur’an. We will use Islam’s own sources to substantiate our evidences of Allah’s failures in the Qur’an. There are many failures of Allah but in this article we will confine our discussion to just one subject. We will discuss the vital subject of prophecies in the Qur’an. Muslims, who object or disagree with the arguments presented here, are kindly requested to check on their own all the cited Islamic references provided here.
Surah 8:65: “O Prophet! Rouse the Believers to the fight. If there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers.” (Yusuf Ali)
Allah prophesied in no uncertain terms that from now on – from the time this Qur’anic prophecy was revealed – a single Muslim warrior “will vanquish” ten enemy fighters in battle. This means that from this day onward each Muslim warrior who ventures into battle “will” be able to defeat ten enemy fighters – a ratio of 1 to 10. And Allah guarantees this stunning victory at every confrontation that Muslims encounters with their enemies. This is truly an astounding feat. The all-knowing Allah stated very positively and confidently that “if a hundred, they WILL vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers.” No ambiguity in this prophecy of Allah. Can it be expressed any more clearer or any more definite than this?
Since this prophecy which proclaims of a positive victory by Muslims over enemies ten times as numerous is declared by Allah himself, the victory is to be achieved, not by the strength or fighting skills of the individual Muslim warrior but by the divine power of Allah the Almighty. It is Allah who prophetically guarantees the victory. Had Allah stated: “if a hundred, they MUST vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers,” then the Qur’anic verse would be nothing more than a commandment from Allah. However, it is different when Allah declared that “if a hundred, they WILL vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers.” This means the victory is absolutely certain. It is a predetermined conclusion. The victory is assured even before the Muslim warriors venture into battle. Hence, the success of the battle rests completely in the hands of Allah. It is essential to understand that Surah 8:65 is not stating a Commandment of Allah but a Divine Prophecy.
Before we proceed any further, we would like to establish one important point. It must be remembered that no power in heaven or on earth can prevent the expressed purpose of the true God from being accomplished. All of the prophetic promises of the true God are as good as fulfilled. It should be. Jehovah stated the following in Isaiah 55:11:
“My word that goes forth from my mouth will prove to be. It will not return to me without results, but it will certainly do that in which I have delighted, and it will have certain success in that for which I have sent it.”
Well, what about Allah’s prophetic promise that guarantees a certain victory to Muslims over their enemies ten times as numerous? Divine bombshell for Muslims. Just one verse later, Allah abolished his infallible prophecy. Yes! Allah abrogated his own divine prophecy which guarantees the divine backing of his warriors:
Surah 8:66: “For the present, Allah hath lightened your task, for He knoweth that there is a weak spot in you: But even so, if there are a hundred of you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred, and if a thousand, they will vanquish two thousand, with the leave of Allah: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.” (Yusuf Ali)
Even though Allah stated explicitly in Surah 8:65 that each Muslim warrior “will” defeat ten times the number of enemy fighters, the Muslim warriors did not trust Allah. When theyreceived this divine message, they complained bitterly at the impossible odds they would have to encounter when they engage their enemies in battles. As a result, Surah 8:66 was revealed. It was revealed immediately after Muslims became fearful and complained bitterly to Muhammad. Consequently, Allah changed his divine prophecy. He changed the ratio from 1:10:
Surah 8:65: “If there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers.”
To a ratio of 1:2:
Surah 8:66:“If there are a hundred of you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred, and if a thousand, they will vanquish two thousand.”
It is important to note that there are no changes in the requirements on the part of the warriors. In both the Surahs, they were still required to be “patience and persevering.” So their end of the bargain remains the same.As such,Allahcannotblameorshift the fault to the warriors for the changes in the ratio. The fault lies in Allah’s miscalculated prophecy.Allah got carried away. No wonder he quickly gave in and invalidated his own prophecy without delay. Let us consider the documented records of authentic Muslim sources to substantiate our case:
“Abdullah told me that when this verse came down it was a shock to the Muslims who took it hard. They were afraid, as the odds were too great. So Allah relieved them and cancelled the verse with another: ‘Now has Allah relieved you and He knows that there is a weakness among you, so if there are 100 (rather than 20) they shall vanquish 200.’”
“When God imposed on them that each one of them should fight ten, it became a burden and an unbearable (task) for them. Thus, God removed the burden from them and each one was (requested) to fight two men.” (Asbab al-Nuzul, p. 134).
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 176:
Narrated Ibn Abbas: When the Verse: – ‘If there are twenty steadfast amongst you (Muslims), they will overcome two-hundred (non-Muslims).’ was revealed, it became hard on the Muslims when it became compulsory that one Muslim ought not to flee (in war) before ten (non-Muslims). So (Allah) lightened the order by revealing:
‘(But) now Allah has lightened your (task) for He knows that there is weakness in you. So if there are of you one-hundred steadfast, they will overcome two-hundred (non-Muslims).’ (Surah 8:66) So when Allah reduced the number of enemies which Muslims should withstand, their patience and perseverance against the enemy decreased as much as their task was lightened for them.
Not only did Allah abrogate his prophecy but he also gave a lame excuse for doing so.
Surah 8:66: “For the present Allah has made light your burden, and He knows that there is weakness in you.” (Shakir)
This Qur’anic verse is indeed very damaging to Islam. Why did not Allah “know that there is weakness” in Muslims when he revealed Surah 8:65 – just one verse earlier? Why did he only discover that “there is weakness” in Muslims after they complained? If Allah is in truth the all-knowing God as Muslims claim, he would have known the weakness of the Muslims before revealing Surah 8:65. Since he did not know, he had to inspire Surah 8:66 to abolish and substitute his failed prophecy in Surah 8:65. Allah could have spared his warriors much anxiety, had he given the better verse right from the start. But he could not as he was unaware of the “weakness” of his warriors. But wait a minute! What has the “weakness” of Muslims have anything to do with the infallible prophecy of Allah? Is not the success of the Muslim warriors over their enemies dependant upon Allah? Why was Allah powerless to strengthen the Muslims?
The truth is that not only Allah was powerless but he was also learning as he went along. He was learning by trial and error. He had to quickly change the ratio from 1:10 to 1:2 because he did not understand and did not know the makeup of his warriors. Allah was totally ignorant. The fact that the changes made is quite significant – from 1:10 to 1:2 – only serves to prove Allah’s gross miscalculations. And in the end, he had to dishonorably abrogate his own prophecy in the Mother of all books – the Holy Qur’an. The existence of even one failed prophecy in the Qur’an is sufficient to prove that the Qur’an is not the Word of God.
This incident provides us with so many evidences to thoroughly prove why the Qur’an cannot be the Word of God. It reveals the utter failure of the prophecies of Allah in the Qur’an.
QUESTIONS FOR MUSLIMS
(1) Why did Allah’s prophecy in Surah 8:65 fail in its fulfillment?
(2) Does not this prove that Allah is incapable of seeing through to the fulfillment of his prophecies?
(3) Does not this prove that Allah cannot be the Almighty God as you claim him to be?
(4) Why did Allah abrogate his own prophecy?
(5) Why did he replace it with a different prophecy?
(6) Does not the fact that Allah got his prophecy wrong the first time shows that he is learning by trial and error just like any imperfect human?
(7) Does not this also prove that there is a failed prophecy in the Qur’an?
(8) Can a divine book contain a failed prophecy in it?
(9) Since Allah abrogated his prophecy because of his warriors’ reluctance to fight against such odds, does not this prove that the fulfillment of Allah’s prophecy is dependent on the decisions of imperfect humans?
(10) How can the failings of humans to follow divine directions result in the failure of the fulfillment of Allah’s prophecy?
(11) Can the Word of God fail?
(12) Why did not Allah know that his warriors would be unable to cope with the demand to defeat their enemies ten times their number?
(13) Is it not so because Allah did not know the weakness of the Muslims?
(14) Why did not Allah know their weakness just one verse away?
(15) Why did Allah choose to lower the prophesied ratio from 1:10 to 1:2 instead of empowering his warriors with the needed strength and courage to measure up to task as predicted in his divine prophecy?
(16) How can you trust Allah with your eternal salvation when he is not even conscious of the simple fact that his prophecy would end in failure?
Even if Muslim apologists were to falsely claim that there are true prophecies in the Qur’an, it does not essentially change anything. The fact that there are very clear evidences of a failed prophecy in the Qur’an proves that it cannot be the inspired Word of God. We would rightly expect a book that claims divine inspiration by God to be consistently accurate. If the Bible can live up to this claim, then it proves that the author of the Bible must be the true God.
There are also other instances in the Qur’an that shows that Allah does not know the outcome of the future with certainty. For example the Qur’an declares in Surah 3:144:
Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed many Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels as disbelievers? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful (Hilali-Khan)
Muhammad was not only Allah’s greatest prophet but he was also his final and favorite prophet. Yet, Allah was uncertain about the manner of Muhammad’s death. The phrase, “If he dies or is killed” in Arabic is “Fa-in mata awo kutila.” This verse demonstrates that Allah did not know whether Muhammad will die a natural death (Mata) or be killed by someone (Kutila). Thus, Allah was unable to affirm the exact manner of Muhammad’s death. That is why there is not a single prophecy in the Qur’an that details the manner of Muhammad’s death.
The Holy Bible provides a warning regarding those who prophesy falsely:
Deuteronomy 18:20-22: “However, the prophet who presumes to speak in my name a word that I have not commanded him to speak or who speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet must die. And in case you should say in your heart: ‘How shall we know the word that the true God has not spoken?’ When the prophet speaks in the name of God and if the word does not occur or come true, that is the word that the true God has not spoken. With presumptuousness the prophet has spoken it. You must not be afraid of him.”
This means that if the prophecies of Allah did not come true as predicted, they should be rejected as not coming from the true God. Therefore, the true God cannot the source of the failed prophecies in the Qur’an. And Jehovah the true God gave the following prophetic warning in the Holy Bible:
1 Timothy 4:1: However, the inspired utterance says definitely that in later periods of time some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to misleading inspired utterances and teachings of demons.
As proven, Allah’s prophecies failed to come true as predicted. His prophecies are nothing more than “misleading inspired utterances.” Allah failed to prove his godship. He did not know the future and therefore could not “tell the things that are to come hereafter.”
Isaiah 41:21-23: “Present your case, says the Lord God Jehovah. Bring forth your proofs, says the King of Jacob. Let them bring forth and show us what will happen; Let them show us the former things, what they were, That we may consider them, And know the latter end of them. Or cause us to hear even the things that are coming. Tell the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that you are gods.”
Addressing the false gods who lack the divine ability to prophesy, the Holy Bible states the following:
Isaiah 41:24: “Indeed you are nothing. And your work is nothing. He who chooses to worship you is an abomination.”
The ability to foretell and fulfill prophecies is a unique attribute of the true God:
Isaiah 46:9-10: “Remember the first things of a long time ago, that I am the Divine One and there is no other God, nor anyone like me. The One declaring the end from the beginning and from long ago the things that are not yet done. The One saying, ‘My own counsel will stand, and everything that is my delight I shall do.’”
The true God has the capability to foretell history in advance. Such predictive ability displays God’s unique power. Prophecy is one of the means how God demonstrates his power and glory, and distinguishes himself from false gods. The fulfillment of prophecies exalts God above all others as the only One who knows the end from the beginning. Prophecies also substantiate the stamp of God’s authority in his Inspired Book. The ability to foretell future events of human history is a crucially distinctive attribute of God’s True Scriptures. This is how important prophecies are to the seeker of truth. It is one of the most essential proofs and evidences of a Divine Book. Therefore, a failed prophecy in the Qur’an means that Allah, Muhammad, Islam and the Qur’an should be rejected. This is not an option if you truly value your salvation.
<<<<< DEFENSE MISSION JERICHO >>>>>